The Unique Foundation of YAHWEH's

Two Covenants with the Children of Israel

From the top of Mount Sinai, YAHWEH began speaking to the Children of Israel by introducing Himself and then declaring The Ten *Commandments (properly called "The Ten Words."). The Ten Commandments are the ten subject matters or the ten things upon which the First Covenant was based.) 

 *H1697 dabar, daw-bawr'; from H1696; a word; by implying a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adv. a cause:--  

 Exodus 20 (I) And Elohim spake all these words, saying, (2) I am YAHWEH thy Elohim, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. (3) Thou shalt have no other elohim before ME. (4) Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: (5) Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I YAHWEH thy Elohim am a jealous El, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate ME; (6) And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love ME, and keep MY Commandments. (7) Thou shalt not take the name of YAHWEH thy Elohim in vain; for YAHWEH will not hold him guiltless that taketh HIS name in vain. (8) Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. (9) Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: (10) But the seventh day is the Sabbath of YAHWEH thy Elohim: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: (11) For in six days YAHWEH made Heaven and Earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore YAHWEH blessed the Sabbath day, and hallowed it. (12) Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which YAHWEH thy Elohim giveth thee. (13) Thou shalt not kill. (14) Thou shalt not commit adultery. (15) Thou shalt not steal. (16) Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. (17) Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.

When YAHWEH finished declaring the Ten Commandments, the Children of Israel moved back and stood afar off in fear of dying from hearing YAHWEH's voice. They told Moses that they wanted YAHWEH to speak to Moses and Moses to speak to them. 

 Exodus 20 (18) And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. (19) And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not Elohim speak with us, lest we die. (20) And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for  Elohim is come to prove you, and that HIS fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not. (21) And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where  Elohim was. (22) And YAHWEH said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the Children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from Heaven.

 YAHWEH, knowing that the Children of Israel would transgress the Ten Commandments which He had just declared unto them from the top of the mount, gave to Moses words (i.e. matters or things) of general and practical instructions, rules, regulations, laws and judgments to teach them. (All these words of instructions and judgments that were given at that time are found in Exodus 20:22 to Exodus 23:33.)

 YAHWEH speaks all those words through the mouth of Moses to the Children of Israel.

 Exodus 24 (3) And Moses came and told the people all the words of YAHWEH, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which YAHWEH hath said will we do. (4) And Moses wrote all the words of YAHWEH and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.

 The Covenant was ratified or sealed with the blood of sacrifices after the Book of the Covenant was read to the Children of Israel and they again accepted the Covenant.

 Exodus 24 (5) And he sent young men of the Children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto YAHWEH. (6) And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basins; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. (7) And he took the Book of the Covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that YAHWEH hath said will we do, and be obedient. (8) And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the Blood of the Covenant, which YAHWEH hath made with you concerning *all these words.  

 *"All these words" referred to all the words found in Exodus 20:22 to 23:33 that YAHWEH gave to Moses to write down and to read to the people

.  The Book of the Covenant: The Book of the Covenant is only mentioned two more times in the scriptures. It is also called the Book of the Torah & The Book of the Covenant in II Kings 22:8-23:2 & in II Chronicles 34:14-30.

 II Chronicles 34 (14) And when they brought out the money that was brought into the House of YAHWEH, Hilkiah the priest found a Book of the Torah of YAHWEH given by Moses … (30) And the king went up into the House of YAHWEH, and all the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests, and the Levites, and all the people, great and small: and he read in their ears all the words of the Book of the Covenant that was found in the House of YAHWEH.

 The term "Book of the Torah is mentioned eighteen times in the Old Testament. Every time the Hebrew word "Torah" has been translated as "Law" by the KJV which followed the lead of the LXX using the Greek word "nomos:G355." However, most of the time I will use the Hebrew word "Torah."

 this Book of the Torah (Deu 29:21 KJV);  (Deu 30:10 KJV); (Deu 31:26 KJV); (Josh 1:8 KJV)           

the Book of the Torah (Josh 8:34 KJV); (2 Ki 22:11 KJV); (2 Ki 22:8 KJV);

the Book of the Torah (2 Chr 34:15 KJV); (Neh 8:3 KJV); and one time in the N.T. (Gal 3:10 KJV)                 

the Book of the Torah of Moses (Josh 8:31 KJV); (Josh 23:6 KJV); (2 Ki 14:6 KJV); (Neh 8:1 KJV)              

the Book of the Torah of Elohim (Josh 24:26 KJV); (Neh 8:18 KJV)       

the Book of the Torah of YAHWEH (2 Chr 17:9 KJV); (2 Chr 34:14 KJV)  

the Book of the Torah of YAHWEH their Elohim (Neh 9:3 KJV)     

 At this point in time, The Ten Words (i.e. The Ten Commandments) have been declared to the Children of Israel by YAHWEH, the Book of the Covenant, also called the Book of the Torah containing all the words found in Exodus 20:22 to 23:33 have been read to them and the Covenant has been ratified or sealed with the blood of their sacrifices. 

 Let us take a brief look at The Ten Commandments and a closer look at the two Tables of Stone that they were written on by the finger of Elohim. 

 YAHWEH's Ten Commandments or His Ten Words implying ten matters or things were the only words that YAHWEH spoke to Israel from the mountain. In Deuteronomy 5:4-22, when Moses was recounting the incident he even states that when YAHWEH declared The Ten Commandments He added no more. 

 Deuteronomy 5 ((4) YAHWEH talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire, (5) (I stood between YAHWEH and you at that time, to show you The Word of YAHWEH: for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying, … (22) These words [i.e. the Ten Commandments (the ten words in verses 5 to 21)]  YAHWEH spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and He added no more. And HE [YAHWEH] wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me [Moses].

 The words just spoken of above were called the "Words of the Covenant." Also, those two tables of stone were not only called the two Tables of the Covenant, but they were also called the two Tables of Testimony.

 Exodus 34 (28) And he was there with YAHWEH forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And He [YAHWEH] wrote upon the tables the Words of the Covenant, the Ten Commandments. (29) And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two Tables of Testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him.

 Exodus 31 (18) And He gave unto Moses, when He had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two Tables of Testimony, Tables of Stone, written with the finger of Elohim.

 Deuteronomy 9 (8) Also in Horeb ye provoked YAHWEH to wrath, so that YAHWEH was angry with you to have destroyed you. (9) When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even [even has been added] the Tables of the Covenant which YAHWEH made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water: (10) And YAHWEH delivered unto me two Tables of Stone written with the finger of Elohim; and on them was written according to all the words, which YAHWEH spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly. (11) And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that YAHWEH gave me the two Tables of Stone, even [even has been added] the Tables of the Covenant. … (15) So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned with fire: and the two Tables of the Covenant were in my two hands. (16) And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against YAHWEH your Elohim, and had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which YAHWEH had commanded you [Exodus 20:22-23]. (17) And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes.

In review of the above scriptures, "The Ten Words," (H1697) (Exodus 20:2-17 & Deu. 5:6-21) are the only words that YAHWEH spoke to the Children of Israel at Mount Sinai and He wrote them in two tables of stone. (Deu. 5:22) They are usually referred to in most translations today as "The Ten Commandments." They are also called "The Words of the Covenant" (Exodus 34:28) They were written on two tables of stone which are called the two Tables of the Covenant as well as the two Tables of Testimony written with the finger of Elohim. (Exodus 34:28 &29)

 After reading Exodus 20:2-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21again please notice that there were NO ceremonies,  NO rituals, there were NO sacrifices, and there were NO death penalties mentioned by YAHWEH as He declared The Ten Commandments to the Children of Israel.

 On the other hand, in the words found in Exodus 20:22 to Exodus 23:33 that the Children of Israel agreed to, we find something that is very different. In addition to sacrificing to approach YAHWEH, (interestingly enough, so did Abraham) we find that there were added prohibitions penalized by death for transgressing many of the Ten Commandments in various forms and situations.

 In Exodus 20:26, Offering a Burnt offering and/or Peace offerings on a properly built altar was the prescribed way to draw near or approach YAHWEH to worship Him.

In Exodus 21:15, we find a ban against smiting a parent penalized by death.

In Exodus 21:16, we find a ban against stealing and selling a man penalized by death.

In Exodus 21:17, we find a ban against cursing a parent penalized by death.

In Exodus 21:23-25, we find a ban against causing a miscarriage penalized by death. 

In Exodus 21:29, Owning a known violent ox that killed a person is penalized by death.

In Exodus 22:18, we find a ban against letting a witch live penalized by death.

In Exodus 22:19, we find a ban against bestiality, penalized by death.

In Exodus 22:18:20, we find a ban against idolatry penalized by death.

 Why were there NO ceremonies, NO rituals, NO sacrifices, and NO death penalties even mentioned by YAHWEH when He declared the Ten Commandments at the mount or when He wrote them on the Two Tables of Stone? Why were those things mentioned above added in the Torah given to Moses at that time as well many other things in subsequent times? The Apostle Shaul says it was because of transgressions.

 Galatians 3 (16) Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. HE saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Messiah. (17) And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of YAHWEH in Messiah, the Torah [of Moses], which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. (18) For if the inheritance be of the Torah, it is no more of promise: but YAHWEH gave it to Abraham by promise. (19) Wherefore then serveth [serveth has been added] the Torah? It was added because of *transgressions, till the seed [Messiah] should come to Whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a Mediator.

 * What does the word Transgression mean? And what Law or Torah was already being transgressed that the Torah of Moses was added to at that time?

 Trans·gres·sion (tr˛ns-grµsh“…n, tr˛nz-) n. 1. A violation of a law, command, or duty:    American Heritage Dictionary- third addition

I John 3 (4) Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the Torah: for sin is the transgression of the Torah: 

 Romans 6 (23) For the wages of sin is death; but the Gift of YAHWEH is Eternal Life through YAHshua Messiah our Sovereign.

 Before determining what Torah that the Torah of Moses was added to, we need a little word study on the Hebrew word "Torah" and a deeper understanding of the Ten Words i.e. the Ten Commandments.

 Much confusion has been caused because of the KJV following the lead of the LXX in translating the Hebrew word "Torah" (H8451) into the Greek word "nomos" (G355) and then translating it as "law." Obviously, "law" is a meaning of the Hebrew word "Torah," but by no means limited to it. Technically, Torah can also be used to mean precept, statute, teaching, instruction, direction or different combinations of them. It is often used of the Decalogue (the Ten Commandments) or Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible).

 Below are definitions from two different sources of the word "Torah" and its root word "yarah" from which it came. The first definitions are from Strongs; the second definitions are from Brown, Driver and Briggs Hebrew Definitions.

 H8451. towrah, to-raw'; or torah, to-raw'; *from H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch:--law.

*If you look at the root word "yarah" H3384 from whence the Hebrew word "Torah" came you will see that it had to do with Aiming or pointing; figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.

 *H3384. yarah, yaw-raw'; or (H2 Chr. 26 : 15)  yara', yaw-raw'; a prim. root; prop. to flow as water (i.e. to rain); trans. to lay or throw (espec. an arrow. i.e. to shoot); fig. to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach:-- (+) archer, cast, direct, inform, instruct, lay, shew, shoot, teach (-er, -ing), through.

תּרה  /  תּורה  tôrâh  BDB Definition: H8451

(1) law, direction, instruction

(1a) instruction, direction (human or divine)

(1a1) body of prophetic teaching

(1a2) instruction in Messianic age

(1a3) body of priestly direction or instruction

(1a4) body of legal directives

(1b) law

1b1) law of the burnt offering

1b2) of special law, codes of law

(1c) custom, manner

(1d) the Deuteronomic or Mosaic Law

Part of Speech: noun feminine

A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number:

from H3384

ירא  /  ירה yârâh / yârâ' BDB Definition:  H3384

(1) to throw, shoot, cast, pour

(1a) (Qal)

(1a1) to throw, cast

(1a2) to cast, lay, set

(1a3) to shoot arrows

(1a4) to throw water, rain

(1b) (Niphal) to be shot

(1c) (Hiphil)

(1c1) to throw, cast

(1c2) to shoot

(1c3) to point out, show

(1c4) to direct, teach, instruct

(1c5) to throw water, rain

Part of Speech: verb  A Related Word by BDB/Strong’s Number: a primitive root

From the time of Adam until the ratifying and sealing of the Covenant with the Children of Israel YAHWEH has always had His Torah even if it was not written down or recorded for us. YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life (Torah-i.e. Law, Teaching, Direction, or Instruction for righteousness) was for all mankind. If that Torah had not been transgressed there would have been no need for the Torah of Moses to have been added to it. Undoubtedly, YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life (Romans 8:2&7) is not only the foundation of, but was represented by The Ten Commandment Torah that was written with the finger of Elohim on The Two Tables of the Covenant, (also called Two Tables of Testimony) placed in the Ark of the Covenant (also called the Ark of the Testimony) and well protected in the Most Holy Place. Oh, how very special YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah must be to Him!!!

 The first four of YAHWEH's Ten Commandments reveal His desire for mankind to love and worship Him by having no other Elohim before Him, by not making any images (and/or not bowing down to worship them), by not taking His Holy name in vain, and by not polluting His Hallowed Sabbath.

 In addition to loving and worshiping YAHWEH, the true spirit of the last six of the Ten Commandments extends to loving and giving due honor and respect to all mankind, by not killing, by not committing adultery, by not stealing, by not bearing false witness and by not coveting. They benefit the whole human race! HalleluYAH!!!

 In short, to LOVE YAHWEH our Elohim with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our mind and to LOVE our neighbour as ourselves can be summed up in two Great Commandments.

 Matthew 22 (35) Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked Him a question, tempting Him, and saying, (36) Instructor, which is the great commandment in the Torah (37) YAHshua said unto him, Thou shalt love YAHWEH thy Elohim with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. [Deut. 6:5] (38) This is the first and great commandment. (39) And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself [Lev 19:18]. (40) On these two Commandments hang all the Torah [of Moses] and the prophets.

 YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life (Ro. 8:2) is represented by His Ten Commandment Torah which the Two Commandment Torah sum up and represent. Therefore, the Torah of Moses and the Prophets were added to YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah which all mankind had been transgressing beginning with Adam & Eve.

 Honoring YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah (i.e. Law, Teaching, Direction, or Instruction for righteousness) would have aimed at, pointed to and directed all mankind to the Tree of Life. However, let us look at what happened instead. (Only the shorter version of the narrative is given below.)

 Genesis 2 (8) And YAHWEH Elohim planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed. (9) And out of the ground made YAHWEH Elohim to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the Tree of Life also in the midst of the garden, and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. … (15) And YAHWEH Elohim took the man, and put him into the Garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. (16) And YAHWEH Elohim commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: (17) But of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

 Genesis 3 (I) Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which YAHWEH Elohim had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath  Elohim said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? (6) And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat. (12) And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat. (13) And YAHWEH Elohim said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat. … (17) And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; (18) Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; (19) In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. …(23) Therefore YAHWEH Elohim sent him forth from the Garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. (24) So He drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the Garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the Way of the Tree of Life.

 Adam and Eve had transgressed the Ten Commandment Torah. They were tricked by the evil one into coveting the forbidden fruit and putting their trust in themselves and that Old Serpent, called the Devil, and Satan instead of trusting in YAHWEH Elohim their Heavenly Father. (They transgressed at least these three commandments: (Thou shalt not covet.) (Thou shalt have no other elohim before ME.) & (Thou shalt honor thy Father and thy Mother.)

 Adam and Eve, representing mankind, chose to partake of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. The Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil undoubtedly represents the Torah of Sin and Death for the temporal, unrighteous and carnal adversarial nature of man. (Some of the fruits will be listed shortly in Gal. 5:16-23.) However, its ultimate fruit leads to DEATH because the wages of sin is DEATH; but the Gift of YAHWEH is ETERNAL LIFE through YAHshua Messiah our Sovereign. (Romans 6:23)

 Because of their transgressions, mankind was temporarily banned from the fruit of the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life undoubtedly represents the Torah of the Spirit of Life (Ro.8-2&7) for the Eternal, Heavenly, Righteous, Spirit Nature of YAHWEH for His Spirit filled Believers in and through YAHshua Messiah. Some of its fruits are listed below, but its ultimate fruit leads to Eternal Life!!!

 Galatians 5 (16) This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh. (17) For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would. (18) But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the Torah [of sin and death (Romans 8:2)]. (19) Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, (20) Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, (21) Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the Kingdom of YAHWEH. (22) But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, (23) Meekness, temperance: against such there is no Torah.

 In the scripture below, the Apostle Shaul relates to the two natures (Spiritual & Carnal) just mentioned above.

 Romans 8 (I) There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Messiah YAHshua, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. (2) For the Torah of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua hath made me free from the Torah of sin and death. (3) For what the Torah [of sin and death] could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, YAHWEH sending HIS SON in the likeness of sinful flesh, and [for the sacrifice] for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: (4) That the righteousness of the Torah [of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua - (from verse 2)] might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. (5) For they that are after the flesh do mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. (6) For to be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace. (7) Because the carnal mind is enmity against YAHWEH: for it is not subject to the Torah of YAHWEH [the very same Torah of the Spirit of Life that is in His Son (verse 2)], neither indeed can be. (8) So then they that are in the flesh cannot please YAHWEH. (9) But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, IF so be that the Spirit of YAHWEH dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Messiah, he is none of His. (10) And if Messiah be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is Life because of righteousness. (11) But if the Spirit of HIM that raised up YAHshua from the dead dwell in you, HE that raised up Messiah from the dead shall also quicken your mortal bodies by His Spirit that dwelleth in you.

 Because mankind kept transgressing YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life represented by the Ten Commandment Torah, He added the Torah of Moses to it and gave it to Israel "till the seed [Messiah] should come."

 The Torah of Moses appears to consist of three parts.

 Part #1: The Ten Commandment Torah:  After YAHWEH spoke The Ten Commandments to the Children of Israel from the top of Mount Sinai He wrote them down as a testimony (i.e. a witness) to them. It was probably the first time that they had ever been written down and it was also for a precursor foretelling YAHWEH writing them in the hearts of New Covenant Believers. The Ten Commandment Torah was written with the finger of Elohim on the Two Tables of the Covenant, (also called the Two Tables of Testimony) placed in the Ark of the Covenant (also called the Ark of the Testimony) and was well protected in the Most Holy Place.

 Part #2: Magnification and Clarification of the Ten Commandment Torah:  This was done through the teachings, laws, and statutes that exposed sin while at the same time spiritually revealing YAHWEH's desires for righteous moral principles of behavior toward Him and all His creation, including all living creatures and to the land itself.

 Part #3: The tabernacle, the Levitical Priesthood and all their Services:  The System of the tabernacle, the Levitical Priesthood and everything about them including the rituals and the ceremonial and sacrificial laws was set up for the purpose to only temporarily deal with Sin and Death "till the Seed, [Messiah] should come." It could not and did not permanently deal with Sin and Death (see Romans 8:2-4 above). It only foreshadowed the redemptive work of the Messiah YAHshua, Who was YAHWEH's ultimate sacrifice for sin!

 Hebrews 8 (4) For if He were on earth, He should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the Torah: (5) Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of YAHWEH when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith HE, that thou make all things according to the pattern showed to thee in the mount.

 Hebrews 9 (11) But Messiah being come a High Priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; (12) Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His Own blood He entered in once into the Holy Place, having obtained Eternal Redemption for us. (13) For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling the unclean, *sanctifieth [to make holy i.e. ceremonially purify or consecrate] to the **purifying [ceremonially cleansing] of the flesh: (14) How much more shall the blood of Messiah, Who through the Eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to YAHWEH, ***purge [literally cleanse (not ceremonially)] your conscience from dead works to serve the Living Elohim? (15) And for this cause He is the Mediator of the New Covenant that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the First Covenant, they which are called might receive the promise of Eternal Inheritance.

 *G37. hagiazo, hag-ee-ad'-zo; from G40; to make holy i.e. (ceremonially) purify or consecrate; (mentally) to venerate:--hallow, be holy, sanctify.

 **G2514. katharotes, kath-ar-ot'-ace; from G2513; cleanness (ceremonially):--purification.

 ***G2511. katharizo, kath-ar-id'-zo; from G2513; to cleanse (literally or figuratively):--(make) clean (-se), purge, purify.

 According to the above scripture, the New Covenant Believers in Messiah have their consciences literally purged (not just ceremonially) from the same transgressions  (sins) that those under the First Covenant were only ceremonially cleansed. Those transgressions were from transgressing Part 1 (i.e. the Ten Commandments,) and Part 2 (i.e. the magnification and clarification of them and for spiritual instruction for righteous moral principles of behavior toward YAHWEH and all His creation, including all living creatures and even to the land itself.) The transgressing of those spiritual things was sin under the First Covenant and it is still sin under the New Covenant.

 Undoubtedly, YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life was present in the Garden of Eden, in Part 1 & Part 2 of the Torah of Moses and it is also present in the New Covenant even though we are no longer under the Torah of Moses.

 Galatians 3 (16) Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. HE saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Messiah. (17) And this I say, that the Covenant, that was confirmed before of YAHWEH in Messiah, the Torah which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect. (18) For if the inheritance be of the Torah, it is no more of promise: but YAHWEH gave it to Abraham by promise. (19) Wherefore then serveth [serveth has been added] the Torah? It [the Torah of Moses] was added because of transgressions, till the seed [Messiah] should come to Whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a Mediator. (20) Now a Mediator is not a Mediator of one, but YAHWEH is one. (21) Is the Torah, then against the promises of YAHWEH? YAHWEH forbid: for if there had been a Torah given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the Torah. (22) But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of YAHshua Messiah might be given to them that believe. (23) But before faith came, we were kept under the Torah, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed. (24) Wherefore the Torah was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Messiah, that we might be justified by faith. (25) But after that faith is come, *we are no longer under a schoolmaster. (26) For ye are all the Children of YAHWEH by faith in Messiah YAHshua. (27) For as many of you as have been baptized into Messiah have put on Messiah. (28) There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Messiah YAHshua. (29) And if ye be Messiah's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.

 *Why is it true that we are not under the schoolmaster i.e. the Torah of Moses? As the scripture below indicates, Messiah the Seed has come and He has the Torah of the Spirit of Life in Him and He is in us because we put on Messiah (verse 27 above). Therefore, we are under the Torah of the Spirit of Life through Him. The Torah of the Spirit of Life is written in our hearts under the New Covenant.

 Romans 8 (2) For the Torah of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua hath made me free from the Torah of sin and death. (3) For what the Torah [of sin and death] could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, YAHWEH sending HIS SON in the likeness of sinful flesh, and [for the sacrifice] for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: (4) That the righteousness of the Torah [of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua - (from verse 2)] might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

 Considering all the above, does that mean that the Torah of Moses has become void (i.e. rendered entirely idle or useless as some claim?) Absolutely not! While identifying sin for us it still magnifies and clarifies the Ten Commandment Torah. It still reveals YAHWEH's desires for a holy standard of moral behavior toward Him, and all His creation, including every living creature and even to the land itself. The Torah of Moses still teaches its prophetic values such as in YAHWEH's annual Holy Days etc.

  The Torah of the Spirit of Life in YAHshua, writes those things in our heart. It teaches us even more fully how to LOVE YAHWEH our Elohim with all our heart, and with all our soul, and with all our mind and to LOVE our neighbour [i.e. all mankind] as ourselves. For instance, YAHshua Who has the Torah of the Spirit of Life (Romans 8:2,) gave us three perfect examples. Let me comment on the first example. All sexual sins undoubtedly come under the heading of adultery in one way or another. How? If one is married and commits a sexual sin with a man, woman, or beast, one pollutes oneself and whoever or whatever one commits it with. That dishonors YAHWEH, YAHshua and one's own spouse and the spouse of the other if married. One that is not married and commits a sexual sin pollutes one self and the second party and dishonors even their future spouses. One can identify in the Torah of Moses all the ways that sexual sins can occur and the Torah of the Spirit of Life writes it in our hearts and teaches us not to lust or even think about committing any of those sexual sins identified.

 Matthew 5 (27) Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery: 28  But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

 Matthew 5 (21) Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: (22) But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.

 Matthew 5  (43) Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy. (44)  But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you.

 Conclusion:  In the Torah of Moses, we still find the knowledge of sin (Ro. 3:20).

 In the Torah of Moses, the Torah of the Spirit of Life is the foundation of and is represented by YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah which was written with the finger of Elohim on two Tables of Stone.

 In the Torah of Moses, the Torah of the Spirit of Life still magnifies and clarifies YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah.

 The two Commandment Torah still sums up and represent YAHWEH's Ten Commandment Torah.

The Torah of Moses, and the Prophets were suspended or hanged to the Torah of two Commandments.

 The schoolmaster Torah brought us to Messiah YAHshua, the "Way" to the Tree of Life. In His own words in John 14:6, YAHshua said, "I am the Way, the Truth, and the Life: no man cometh unto the FATHER, but by Me."

 In the Garden of Eden, the Tree of Life represented YAHWEH's Torah of the Spirit of Life.

 Under the New Covenant, the Torah of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua has made us free from the Torah of sin and death.

 Many thanks to YAHWEH and YAHshua for freeing us of the expensive and burdensome Tabernacle with all of its services which only foreshadowed the redemptive work of the Messiah YAHshua who was YAHWEH's ultimate sacrifice for sin! 

 Many thanks to YAHWEH and YAHshua for our Redemption and Eternal Life through YAHshua Messiah!!!

 May the Torah of the Spirit of Life in Messiah YAHshua continue to be written in our hearts and minds and continue to give us more teaching, direction, and instruction for YAHWEH's righteousness through the Sovereign YAHshua Messiah. HalleluYAH!!!

T.A.H

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