When was the Resurrection
of YAHshua the Messiah?
Fact #1 YAHshua was the true sacrificial Passover Lamb of YAHWEH and He had no sin.
I Cor. 5 (7) Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Messiah our Passover is sacrificed for us: & I Peter 2 (21) For even hereunto were ye called: because Messiah also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps: (22) Who did no sin, neither was guile [trickery] found in His mouth.
Fact #2 YAHshua died around the middle of the afternoon (i.e. the ninth hour).
Mat. 27 (45) Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour. (46) And about the ninth hour YAHshua cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? That is to say, My Elohim, My Elohim, why hast THOU forsaken Me?… (50) YAHshua, when He had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the spirit. [See Mark 15:33-37].
Fact #3 YAHshua said that He would be in His grave three days and three nights.
Mat. 12 (38) Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Instructor, we would see a sign from Thee. (39) But He answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: (40) For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
Fact #4 YAHshua was to rise from the dead the third day just as He said that He would.
Mat. 17 (22) And while they abode in Galilee, YAHshua said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: (23) And they shall kill Him, and the third day He shall be raised again. [YAHshua also said that He would in: 20:19; Mark :9:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22; 13:22; 18:33; 24:46; Peter and Paul confirmed that He did –Acts 10:40 & I cor. 15:4] And they were exceeding sorry.
Fact #5 YAHshua was impaled on a Preparation Day of a "High Day" i.e. an Annual Sabbath.
John 19 (31) The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was a High Day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Fact #6 YAHshua was buried just before the High Day (i.e. Feast of Unleavened Bread) began.
Luke 23 (53) And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulcher that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. (54) And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath [as shown above, the High Day (i.e. the Feast of Unleavened Bread)] drew on.
Fact #7 YAHshua was not found in the grave on the first day of the week.
According to accounts given in the four Gospels, He was not there, because He had already risen in the end of the Sabbath which was third day of being in the grave!
I Mat. 28 (1) In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher.... (5) And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek YAHshua, which was crucified. (6) He is not here: for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Sovereign lay.
II Mark 16 (1) And when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint Him. (2) And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulcher at the rising of the sun…. (6) And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek YAHshua of Nazareth, which was crucified: He is risen; He is not here: behold the place where they laid Him.
III Luke 24 (1) Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulcher, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them…. (6) He is not here, but is risen: remember how He spake unto you when He was yet in Galilee.
IV John 20 (1) The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulcher, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulcher. (2) Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom YAHshua loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Sovereign out of the sepulcher, and we know not where they have laid Him.
Fact#8 YAHshua ascended to the FATHER on the first day of the week to fulfill the wave sheaf offering.
John 20 (17) YAHshua saith unto her, Touch Me not; for I am not yet ascended to My FATHER: but go to My brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto My FATHER, and your FATHER; and to My Elohim, and your Elohim.
The following scenario is the only one that will harmonize with all the Scriptures.
He was buried in the end of the forth day of the week at sunset (late Wednesday evening).
Wednesday night……….(1st full night)
Thursday…......................................…(1st full day)
Thursday night………….(2nd full night)
Friday……..........................................(2nd full day)
Friday night…………….(3rd full night)
Sabbath day........................................(3rd full day)
Total = 3 full days & 3 full nights
Therefore, YAHshua rose at the end of the third day that He was in the grave and that third full day ended at sunset on the Sabbath. That is why He was not there when they came to the grave on the first day of the week.
People offer as "solid proof" that the resurrection of YAHshua was on the first day of the week based on the statement "Today is the third day since these things happened." That statement was made on the first day of the week by two of YAHshua’s disciples as they walked along the road with Him. (At that time, they didn’t recognize Whom He was.)
Luke 24 (I) Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulcher, … (13) And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. …(21) But we trusted that it had been He which should have redeemed Israel: and beside [with or together (Greek "sun" G4862)] all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.
The disciples did not say that this was His third day in the grave or the third day since His death! Just what were "these things that had happened" that the disciples knew about? They knew that YAHshua died in the middle of the afternoon (i.e. the ninth hour) on the fourth day of the week. They knew that He was placed in the tomb at the end on the fourth day of the week at which time His first night in the grave began. The next day another part of "these things" happened.
Mat. 27 (57) When the even was come [Again this was the end of the fourth day of the week], there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was YAHshua's disciple: (58) He went to Pilate, and begged the body of YAHshua. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered. (59) And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, (60) And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulcher, and departed. (61) And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulcher. (62) Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation [for the High Day (i.e. the Feast of Unleavened Bread)], the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, (63) Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. (64) Command therefore that the sepulcher be made sure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night, and steal Him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. (65) Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can. (66) So they went, and made the sepulcher sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
Sunday made the third day since "these things" happened and those guards were still there when the entrance to an empty tomb was opened! They even shook and became as dead men!
Mat. 28 (2) And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of YAHWEH descended from Heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. (3) His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: (4) And for fear of him the keepers [guards] did shake, and became as dead men.
The last of these things, the securing of the grave, took place on Thursday!
On Friday, the disciples would have said, "Today, is the first day since these things."
On the Sabbath, the disciples would have said, "Today, is the second day since these things."
On Sunday, the disciples did say, "Today, is the third day since these things."
Therefore, Sunday was the third day since these things happened, but it was the fourth day since the Sovereign YAHshua's death and burial. Again, He was in the grave three days and three nights! Their "solid proof" goes POOF!
Conclusion: YAHshua died on Wednesday afternoon, was buried at sunset, spent three days and three nights in the grave and rose in the end of the Sabbath!
Because He died and now lives, we shall live with Him! HALLELU-YAH!
Addendum to my article
(When was the Resurrection of Yahshua Messiah?)
In order to present the common belief that the death of our Savior was on the end of the sixth day of the week and His Resurrection was on the morning of the first day of the week, I have copied the comments and explanations from the sources listed below.
If it is true that the Jewish people understood that any part of a day counted as a full day and YAHshua did not mean that he would be in the grave specifically three days and three nights then the reasoning below is correct. However, if He specifically meant that He would actually be in the grave three full days and three full nights (which I personally believe He did) then my article above is correct. I will have to let the reader check this out for himself. Regardless of which way is correct, it has absolutely no bearing whatsoever on an attempt to change the Sabbath to the first day of the week. Arkie Hobbs
From ADAM Clark Commentary
Matthew 12:40 Three days and three nights] Our Lord rose from the grave on the day but one after his crucifixion: so that, in the computation in this verse, the part of the day on which he was crucified, and the part of that on which he rose again, are severally estimated as an entire day; and this, no doubt, exactly corresponded to the time in which Jonah was in the belly of the fish. Our Lord says, As Jonah was, so shall the Son of man be, &c. Evening and morning, or night and day, is the Hebrew phrase for a natural day, which the Greeks termed nuxyhmeron, nuchthemeron. The very same quantity of time which is here termed three days and three nights, and which, in reality, was only one whole day, a part of two others, and two whole nights, is termed three days and three nights, in the book of Esther: Go; neither eat nor drink THREE DAYS, NIGHT or DAY, and so I will go in unto the king: Es 4:16. Afterwards it follows, Es 5:1. On the THIRD DAY, Esther stood in the inner court of the king's house. Many examples might be produced, from both the sacred and profane writers, in vindication of the propriety of the expression in the text. For farther satisfaction, the reader, if he please, may consult Whitby and Wakefield, and take the following from Lightfoot.
"I. The Jewish writers extend that memorable station of the unmoving sun, at Joshua's prayer, to six and thirty hours; for so Kimchi upon that place: 'According to more exact interpretation, the sun and moon stood still for six and thirty hours: for when the fight was on the eve of the Sabbath, Joshua feared lest the Israelites might break the Sabbath; therefore he spread abroad his hands, that the sun might stand still on the sixth day, according to the measure of the day of the Sabbath, and the moon according to the measure of the night of the Sabbath, and of the going out of the Sabbath, which amounts to six and thirty hours.'
"II. If you number the hours that pass from our Saviour's giving up the ghost upon the cross to his resurrection, you shall find almost the same number of hours; and yet that space is called by him three days and three nights, whereas two nights only came between, and one complete day. Nevertheless, while he speaks these words, he is not without the consent both of the Jewish schools and their computation. Weigh well that which is disputed in the tract Scabbath, concerning the separation of a woman for three days; where many things are discussed by the Gemarists, concerning the computation of this space of three days. Among other things these words occur: R. Ismael saith, Sometimes it contains four hwnwa onoth, sometimes five, sometimes six. But how much is the space of an hnwa onah? R. Jochanan saith, Either a day or a night. And so also the Jerusalem Talmud: 'R. Akiba fixed a DAY for an onah, and a NIGHT for an onah.' But the tradition is, that R. Eliazar ben Azariah said, A day and a night make an onah: and a PART of an onah is as the WHOLE. And a little after, R. Ismael computed a part of the onah for the whole." Thus, then, three days and three nights, according to this Jewish method of reckoning, included any part of the first day; the whole of the following night; the next day and its night; and any part of the succeeding or third day.
In the whale's belly] That a fish of the shark kind, and not a whale, is here meant, Bochart has abundantly proved, vol. iii. col. 742, &c., edit. Leyd. 1692. It is well known that the throat of a whale is capable of admitting little more than the arm of an ordinary man; but many of the shark species can swallow a man whole, and men have been found whole in the stomachs of several. Every natural history abounds with facts of this kind. Besides, the shark is a native of the Mediterranean Sea, in which Jonah was sailing when swallowed by what the Hebrew terms lwdg gd dag gadol, a great fish; but every body knows that whales are no produce of the Mediterranean Sea, thought some have been by accident found there, as in most other parts of the maritime world: but, let them be found where they may, there is none of them capable of swallowing a man. Instead of either whale or shark, some have translated lwdg gd dag gadol, Jon 1:17, by a fishing cove, or something of this nature; but this is merely to get rid of the miracle: for, according to some, the whole of Divine revelation is a forgery-or it is a system of metaphor or allegory, that has no miraculous interferences in it. But, independently of all this, the criticism is contemptible. Others say, that the great fish means a vessel so called, into which Jonah went, and into the hold of which he was thrown, where he continued three days and three nights. In short, it must be any thing but a real miracle, the existence of which the wise men, so called, of the present day, cannot admit. Perhaps these very men are not aware that they have scarcely any belief even in the existence of God himself!
From Jamison-Fausset-Brown Commentary
MATTHEW 12:40. For as Jonas was--"a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation" (Lu 11:30). For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly-- (Jon 1:17).
so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth--This was the second public announcement of His resurrection three days after His death. (For the first, see Joh 2:19). Jonah's case was analogous to this, as being a signal judgment of God; reversed in three days; and followed by a glorious mission to the Gentiles. The expression "in the heart of the earth," suggested by the expression of Jonah with respect to the sea (Jon 2:3, in the Septuagint), means simply the grave, but this considered as the most emphatic expression of real and total entombment. The period during which He was to lie in the grave is here expressed in round numbers, according to the Jewish way of speaking, which was to regard any part of a day, however small, included within a period of days, as a full day. (See 1Sa 30:12,13; Es 4:16; 5:1; Mt 27:63,64, &c.).
From Albert Barns’ New Testament Commentary.
Matthew 12:40. For as Jonas was three days, etc. See Jon 1:17. This event took place in the Mediterranean Sea, somewhere between Joppa and Tarshish, when he was fleeing from Nineveh. It is said that the whale seldom passes into that sea, and that its throat is too small to admit a man. It is probable, therefore, that a fish of the shark kind is intended. Sharks have been known often to swallow a man entire. The fish in the book of Jonah is described merely as a great fish, without specifying the kind. It is well known that the Greek word translated whale, in the New Testament, does not of necessity mean a whale, but may denote a large fish of any kind.
Three days and three nights. It will be seen, in the account of the resurrection of Christ, that he was in the grave but two nights and a part of three days. See Mt 28:6. This computation is, however, strictly in accordance with the Jewish mode of reckoning. If it had not been, the Jews would have understood it, and would have charged our Saviour as being a false prophet; for it was well known to them that he had spoken this prophecy, Mt 27:63. Such a charge, however, was never made; and it is plain, therefore, that what was meant by the prediction was accomplished. It was a maxim, also, among the Jews, in computing time, that a part of a day was to be received as the whole. Many instances of this kind occur in both sacred and profane history. See 2Ch 10:5-12; Ge 42:17,18. Comp. Es 4:16 with Es 5:1.
In the heart of the earth. The Jews used the word heart to denote the interior of a thing, or to speak of being in a thing. It means, here, to be in the grave or sepulchre.
From Family Bible Notes
In the whale's belly; in which he was a type of Christ's burial. Three days and three nights; that is, parts of three days and nights. The burial of Christ took place on Friday. That was reckoned, according to Jewish custom, as one day. Saturday, through the whole of which Christ was in the tomb, called the heart of the earth, was another day; and the Christian Sabbath, on the morning of which he rose from the dead, was the third day; or according to their mode of speaking, three days and three nights.
From John Wesley’s notes on the Old and New Testaments.
Mat. 12:40 Mt 12:40 Three days and three nights-It was customary with the eastern nations to reckon any part of a natural day of twenty-four hours, for the whole day. Accordingly they used to say a thing was done after three or seven days, if it was done on the third or seventh day, from that which was last mentioned. Instances of this may be seen, 1Ki 20:29; and in many other places. And as the Hebrews had no word to express a natural day, they used night and day, or day and night for it. So that to say a thing happened after three days and three nights, was with them the very same, as to say, it happened after three days, or on the third day. See Es 4:16; 5:1; Ge 7:4,12; Ex 24:18; 34:28. Jon 2:1.
From Peoples New Testament Commentary
Matthew 12:40 Mt 12:40 As Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish. See Jon 1:17. The great fish was probably not a whale (the Greek is [ketos], "sea monster"), but a white shark, which abounds in the Mediterranean, and is said to swallow a horse whole. The miracle was the preservation of the life of Jonah during his living burial. This was a type of the burial and resurrection of Christ.
So shall the Son of man be three days and three nights. Jesus says (Mt 16:21) that he will "be raised again the third day." Hence, in Jewish usage the third day must mean the same as three days and three nights. It was and is customary with the Orientals to make any part of the day stand for the whole twenty-four hours. Compare Mt 16:21; Mr 8:31; 2Ch 10:5,12; Es 4:16; Ge 7:4,12; Ex 24:18; 34:28. A traveler in the East writes: "At length the tenth morning arrived--the tenth morning because, though we performed nominally ten days quarantine, yet it was, really, only eight days. We landed at nine o'clock in the evening of the first day, and were liberated at six o'clock in the morning of the tenth day, but it was held to be ten days according to the custom of the East." Christ was buried Friday evening, lay in the grave Saturday, and rose Sunday, parts of three days, rose "on the third day," and was in the grave the space of time meant in eastern usage by three days and three nights.
In the heart of the earth. In the sepulcher.
The following was from the Forum at Eliyah’s
[This message has been edited by BarYah (edited 04-20-2003).]
This is actually a very difficult thing to figure out, because in getting in touch with the various astronomers and meteorologists that would have all the information about the "days and times" in the day of Mashiach, they cannot with perfect exactitude, tell us what went on during that week. And, throughout the believing world, there are various thoughts on the "three days and nights" meaning, as well as what Yeshua actually meant, when He said:
"An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas" (Matthew 12: 39);
"A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed" (Matthew 16: 4);
and: Luke 11: 29: "This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet."
Here are some of the various difficulties:
#1Within the Hebrew economy, often times, three days and three nights, simply means any full day, and a part of the other two days. This is called "inclusive reckoning."
#2Many claim that the point of the words of Yeshua had nothing to do with the "three days and nights," for this proved nothing that could be considered miraculous, in the manner Yeshua meant it to be considered. These don't take the words above by themselves, but they finish the words of Mashiach, like this: "But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41: The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here" (Matthew 12: 39-41).
These, I personally believe, have a valid point, for they say that the evidence looked for, for the whole world, and not only for the Hebrews, for only the Hebrews would really understand what these three days and three nights spoke of, was that at the preaching of Yeshua Mashiach, those who heard, believed, and repented, and there was a great army of believers that did so, after Yeshua's preaching and life. Nineveh was indeed a big city in those days of Jonah, but far more repented at Yeshua's preaching than did in the city of Nineveh.
#3There are others, who tell us that the body of Yeshua had begun to decompose after a full seventy-two hours of being in the grave. This speaks against the prophecy of Ps. 16, recounted in Acts 2:27- 28
"Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 27: Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 28: Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance." Surely after seventy-two hours, this prophecy was made null and void, although after only some thirty-five hours, this was not so unsure.
Anyway, I leave these things in your hands. These are some of the arguments concerning the words of Yeshua in these above texts, and how many feel about the matter.
Personally, I believe that the week when Yeshua died, saw both the First Day of Unleavened Bread [a Sabbath when no work was to be done], and the weekly Sabbath, falling on the same weekly Sabbath, therefore that Sabbath was called a "High Day." This was considered a very special blessing, and worthy of note, and why not, for this would be the time when Yeshua, the world's Creator, would sleep in the grave, according to the commandment, thus ensuring for mankind that the Creator is our Redeemer, and the weekly Sabbath is that day which comes every seven, that causes us to celebrate that point.
Had this been practiced since the crucifixion, resurrection, and glorification of Yeshua Mashiach, there would have been no room for evolution, and the whole world by now, would understand this great truth about Who Yeshua is [the world's Creator (see Mark 2: 28)], Who came as a man, and also showed His immense love for His creation here, by taking our penalty, thus saving the world, and allowing that all who accept Him as their "Creator Who is their Saviour," and remain in a positive and agape-filled relationship with Him until the time of their deaths, will be found worthy of eternal life!
All such, have proven to the entire Universe, that they are filled with that Same Spirit Who filled Yeshua, and are just as safe as inhabitants of eternity [without anyone worrying about another rebellion occurring], as is the Saviour Himself, Who also overcame in the Land of the adversary, giving His faith to all of those who walk righteously in obedience to His commands and His Law of Agape.
Now, as to what happened that week, I believe that Yeshua Mashiach was taken on the Preparation of both the First Day of Unleavened Bread, or Passover, and that He was crucified and died with less than an hour to go before that Friday ending, and the weekly Sabbath [which was a High Day, so that the First Day of Unleavened Bread, and the Weekly Sabbath fell on that seventh-day] beginning. I believe that at the time of the entrance of Yeshua's body into the tomb of Joseph, which was possibly a half hour or less than, before the weekly Sabbath began, constituted one day [any part thereof], Yeshua rested the entire Sabbath Day according to the commandment for the weekly Sabbath, and the First Day of Unleavened Bread [see Leviticus 23, early part of chapter re: Passover],, and that just about a hour or a little more, before the sun came up on the first day [or we would say, Sunday today], He rose at the behest of His Father, gloriously coming forth, the last ten or eleven hours of the first day that He spent in the tomb, constituting the part of the third day that would be shown to be three days in Hebraic inclusive reckoning. When we see this with clarity, there is nothing to argue about.